These five top ingredients are documented to benefit your skin significantly by maintaining your body and face young, smooth and healthy. They have been proven to be beneficial in reducing/preventing acnes, wrinkles, lines, blemishes, spots and other skin diseases.

Hyaluronic Acid

Found abundantly in your body particularly in the deeper layers of your skin when you were born, Hyaluronic Acid or HA is a “magical” key factor that keeps people in Yuzuri Hara, a long life village in Japan, younger and energetic. HA is added to their daily diets when they consume the carbohydrate foods that keep them away from diabetes, cancer and Alzheimer’s. Interestingly, their skin hardly displays any signs of ageing. Doctors believe that the starches from “satsumaimo” (starchy root vegetables), “imoji” (a potato root), “konyaku” (a gelatinous root vegetable concoction), satoimo” (a type of sweet potato) have helped to stimulate their body to create a natural substance called hyaluronic acid to help them hold moisture, maintain elastic and smooth skin by retaining up to 1,000 times its weight in water, protecting the retina in eyes, keeping joints lubricated in a process to ward off the ageing process. Therefore, it’s not surprising to see woman in her 90s with spotless skin in this village.

HA also exists abundantly in heart calves, joint and eyes, and it plays a crucial role in repairing wounds, improving eye sight, and holding moisture to keep your skin healthy and vibrant glow. Its production drops off when you reach the age of 18-20 years, and thereafter its formation declines sharply after the age of 40, when skin losses its youth and elasticity, and wrinkles starts appearing onto the surface of the skin. That’s the reason when one grows old, he/she no longer looks radiant and youthful due to the degradation of HA.

Even though HA is beneficial for skin health and maintenance of collagen, moderation is a key factor to maintain an overall health. Too much HA isn’t ideal for your body, while insufficient amount of HA are not recommended either.

Coenzyme Q10

Discovered in 1957, Coenzyme Q10 or CoQ10 has exceptionally powerful antioxidant properties particularly in energy production at the cellular level, skin cell revitalization and its ability to protect your body against UVA-induced depletion of cell membrane and damage done by free radicals. CoQ10 is a vitamin-like substance which is produced naturally in your body and its production peaks at the age of 20 but declines sharply thereafter. However, your body still requires CoQ10 even when you grow into old age, making CoQ10 supplementation essential for maintaining your health. After all, keeping levels of CoQ10 optimum is crucial when one grows old since it’s needed for energy production in sperm production, muscle activity, and both heart and liver function. The suggested dosage for CoQ10 is limited from 50-200mg per day but consulting with a doctor prior to adding CoQ10 supplements is recommended.

Vitamin E

Like vitamin C, beta-carotene, lycopene and carotenoids, vitamin E is also one of the essential nutrients for skin health but its role as a natural nutrient to stop the effect of solar radiation on the skin is always neglected. In fact, vitamin E is another potent antioxidant that has been found to enhance softness and smoothness, prevent cell damage caused by free radicals, provide a modest protection against ultraviolet light while improving skin moisture. Kiwi fruits and almonds are two great sources of vitamin E which is vital for body and skin care.

UV ray accelerates premature ageing on your skin and causes the oxygen molecule to split into two free radicals and these free radical later attack proteins, lipids and DNA, making the skin looks dull, unattractive and dry by gradually depleting the collagen that is essential for supple, smooth and youthful skin. This in turns causes age spots, wrinkles, lines appearing on the surface of the skin. Taking vitamin E does not increase the concentration of carotenoids and lycopene in your skin; rather it helps to recharge them so they can continuously work efficiently and longer, making your skin appears to be lesser scars, blemishes, more smooth, supple and radiant glow.

Green Tea

For years, green tea has long been the healthiest drink and main ingredient in most hair and skin care products for its significant health benefits. It contains powerful antioxidants called Catechins (anti-bacterial that helps decrease hormone activity) that help fight damage caused by naturally occurring particles in your body called free radicals (unstable molecules that always rob an electron from other molecules surround them) which is associated with signs of premature aging and an increased risk of diseases. Research studies have shown that green tea is helpful to neutralize skin damage caused by exposure to UV rays which is a primary factor that ages the skin.

Green tea also helps prevent skin cancer by blocking the harmful enzyme junk-2, according to a 2003 study by American Chemical Society. Another study by the UK concludes that drinking two or more cups of green tea a day lower the risk of getting squamous cell carcinoma as much as 65%. When you drink green tea continuously, it actually helps improve your skin elasticity, repair/rejuvenate skin cells that may have turned into blemishes, wrinkles, lines, and other impurities. Hence, people with skin conditions (e.g. dandruff, rosacea, psoriasis, warts) can greatly benefit from drinking green tea since it has a highly potent anti-inflammatory property. A study conducted in 2007 and published in Experimental Dermatology suggested that green tea can significantly reduce the severity of skin condition like psoriasis in mice.

Vitamin C

As Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) owns a scientifically validated benefit for both skin rejuvenation and wrinkle reduction, it has become a key ingredient in almost all skin care products nowadays. By adding vitamin C into your daily diet, it can dramatically boost the synthesis of collagen (a major structural protein of the skin) in your skin cells, and when this nutrient is channelled into skin cells, your skin texture will be improved accordingly and thereby a benefit to reduce wrinkles. Additionally, vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant which can help reduce skin damage caused by UV ray, smoking, environmental pollutants and free radicals that cause damage to major molecules such as DNA and protein.

Since vitamin C is in a relatively unstable condition, it should be immediately consumed to avoid it to be converted to oxidized forms by the oxidizing agents present in the air which may cause more harm rather than benefit the skin cells. Taking large amount of vitamin C or its derivatives, however, does not benefit in reducing wrinkles since you cannot get high concentration of vitamin C to help boost collagen (an essential skin protein for connective tissue in teeth, bones and organs) production. Instead, adding a healthy diet of vegetables (e.g. cabbage, broccoli, green peppers, spinach) and fruits (e.g. kiwi, strawberries, citrus fruits) along with products that contain vitamin C can help reduce wrinkles, enhance your appearance and improve your overall skin health.  

For those people who suffer from a skin disorder, a defective collagen, or who smoke or has an existing medical condition, taking high doses (with a prior approval from a doctor) of vitamin C would probably be good, but if you’re not deficient in vitamin C, overdose of vitamin C probably is not a good thing. In short, you need a right amount of vitamin C to provide your body needs, or else you will develop scurvy. Again, too much vitamin C may lower vitamin B12, copper and selenium blood levels, and may even become toxic to your body.

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