A palace is a symbol of an ancient civilization. It portrays a historical memory of particular country and nation. Specifically, it represents an evidence of national property in terms of its glory and fall moments.

GuGong, China


Imperial Palace or GuGong (Forbidden City, Zijincheng) in Chinese was a Royal Administrative site for royal use and public access during the Ming and Qing Dynasty in China’s history. It was recorded that the third emperor of Ming Dynasty built this palace before he successfully took over the politic and crowned himself as the emperor. There have been a total of 24 emperors of Ming and Qing who dwelt in this palace. The palace has 9,000 rooms to accommodate imperial families, administrators, eunuchs, maids and soldiers. It was served as a major place to discuss the administrative affairs. Now, this palace has turned into a national museum for a tourist to visit. It has many preserved Chinese classical architecture of imperial splendor.


Located in the heart of Beijing, it has an easy access to Tiananmen Square in its front and a city of Wangfujing is located in its east. In 1961, this ancient palace has approved by the State Council as the National Palace Museum displaying some protected heritages. By 1987, the palace was listed by UNESCO as “World Heritage” to reflect its cultural dimension of the historical value which has gained international recognition.

The White House, United States of America


The White House is one of the symbolization of America. It is a house to a president of the United States. It was called “white” due to its white appearance. This palace is a two-storey building and it is located in Washington, DC. It was initially established in 1792 and it has officially become a president’s official residence in 1800. President Roosevelt first used a phase of “white house” in 1902.

Buckingham Palace, England


Buckingham Palace was a palace established for Duke of Buckingham in 1703. In 1761, George III has served this palace as his private residence known as “The Queen’s House”. It has then become a royal palace of Queen Victoria in 1837. The palace has 19 state rooms, 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, 78 bathrooms and 52 principal bedrooms as reported in a 1999 book published by the Royal Collection Department. There is a statue of Queen Victoria created by sculptor Sir Thomas Brock in 1911 it its front main gate.

Grand Kremlin Palace, Russia


Grand Kremlin Palace or Great Kremlin Palace was established from 1837 to 1851 on Borovitsky Hill in Moscow, Russia. The exterior building portrays a characteristic of medieval Russian and Byzantine architecture. There are nine churches from the 14th, 16th and 17th centuries, with more than 700 rooms. It was reported that the former U.S. President Ronald Reagan and the former Soviet General Secretary Mikhael Gorbachev had the INF Treaty signed during the Moscow Summit on June 1, 1988 at Grand Kremlin Palace.

Palace of Versailles, France


Palace of Versailles or Versailles was built in the 16th century under the order of Louis XVI. It is located in the city of Versailles, 16km west-southwest of Paris, France. It has a 70m long hall of mirrors, luxurious apartments for the king and the queen, and the Le Norte French style park which has gained its name with international recognition. Up to 1789 revolution, it was served as a centre of the French monarchy which housed 20000 nobles. It has then turned into a museum by Louis-Philippe in 1837.

The Potala Palace, Tibet


The Potala Palace was established at an altitude of 3,700m, on the side of Marpo Ri in the centre of Lhasa Valley of China. The palace was initiated by King Songtsen Gambo to greet his bride, Princess Wen Cheng of the Tang Dynasty of China. This palace also has named as one of the “New Seven Wonders” by the American television show “Good Morning America” and newspaper “USA Today”. The palace occupies an area of 41 hectares, 115 meters in height and has 13-storey main building. It is divided into “red palace” for religious affairs while “white palace “for Dalai Lama’s political and personal affairs. The palace is much decorated with painting, jeweled and ornaments.

The Topkapi Palace, Turkey


The Topkapi Palace is a glorious building located on the Seraglio Point overlooking the Sea of Marmara and Bosphorus in Istanbul, Turkey. Its initial construction commenced in 1459 and it was build under the order of Sultan Mehmed II, who was a conqueror of Byzantine Constantinople. From 15th to 19th century, this palace was an official and primary residence of Ottoman Sultans until the reign of Abdulmecid I (1839-1860). The palace portrays architecture of Ottoman. It also contains huge collections of Ottoman miniatures, Islamic calligraphic manuscripts and murals, robes, porcelain, shields, armor, porcelains and a display of Ottoman treasure and jewelry as well.

Blenheim Palace, England


Blenheim Palace is one of England’s largest houses constructed between 1705 and 1722 in Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England. This palace was originally a gift to John Churchill, the first Duke of Marlborough on the cause of the military triumph against Bavarians and French. The palace is surrounded by a magnificent lake, sweeping lawns and formal gardens. Inside the palace, of particular interest are its beautiful carvings, paintings, and the monumental Great Hall with its painted ceiling depicting the battle of Blenheim, the state rooms with their numerous hanging tapestries, the room commemorating Sir Winston Churchill, elegant pieces of furniture and large collections of portraits by Van Dyck, Laguerre, Reynolds and Kneller. In 1987, this palace claimed its name in a list of UNESCO World Heritage site.

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